Criminal Justice

Professors William Clements and Penny Shtull; Associate Professors Elizabeth Gurian (Associate Director), W. Travis Morris (Director); Assistant Professors Matthew Fischer, Connie Hassett-Walker, Stephanie Maass, Robert VandenBerg; Lecturer Anne Buttimer. David Sem (Internship Coordinator)

The baccalaureate program in Criminal Justice provides its students with a liberal arts-based education that emphasizes critical thinking and knowledge about crime, criminal law, the criminal justice system, and the sociocultural environment in which human behavior occurs. The program emphasizes the interdependence between theoretical and research knowledge and practice. It also strives to cultivate a commitment to the principles of justice, ethics, and public service and the development of leadership skills.

Goals:
  • Knowledge--Graduates will demonstrate superior knowledge of criminology, criminal law, and the criminal justice system compared to their peers from similar programs.
  •  Skills--Graduates will have the critical thinking and communication skills to analyze and articulate the effectiveness, ethical underpinnings and theoretical basis of criminal justice and social policies, programs and practices.
  •  Careers--Graduates will possess the knowledge, skills, and abilities to obtain employment in their desired career field, and/or to gain acceptance to graduate school.
  •  Values--Graduates will exhibit professionalism, leadership, and a commitment to lifelong learning through their careers and/or in their public service.
     
Outcomes:

Upon graduation, students will demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the field as measured by the following assessment indicators of the ETS (Educational Testing Service) Field Test in Criminal Justice:

  • Theories of Criminal Behavior
  • The Law
  • Law Enforcement
  • Corrections
  • The Court System
  • Critical Thinking
  • Research Methodology and Statistics
     
Careers for this Major:
  • federal or state/local law enforcement
  • intelligence agents
  • private and corporate security personnel
  • state and local police officers
  • probation and parole officers
  • crime analysts
  • attorneys

Certification:

The Criminal Justice program is certified by the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education for the Police Career Incentive Pay Program (PCIPP) or Quinn Bill.

Criminal Justice (B.A.) – Curriculum Map 2020-2021 Catalog

New PlanGrids
Freshman
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice c3CJ 102 Criminal Law c3
EN 101 Composition and Literature I3EN 102 Composition and Literature II3
Modern Language OR 34 Modern Language OR 34 
  
SO Elective 13 General Education Math3 
   PY 211 Introduction to Psychology (General Education Social Science) 53
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 13Spring Semester Total Cr.: 16
Sophomore
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 209 Methods of Social Science Research4CJ 201 Criminology c3
General Education Lab Science OR 34 General Education Literature (BA Intercultural) 23 
 General Education History3 
MA 232 Elementary Statistics (General Education Math)3General Education Lab Science OR 34 
Social Science or Business Elective 43  
Free Elective3 Free Elective3 
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 17Spring Semester Total Cr.: 16
Junior
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 301 Criminal Procedure c3CJ 310 The Courts c3
CJ 308 The Police c3CJ 312 Corrections c3
PH 324 Criminal Justice Ethics (General Education Ethics)3CJ Elective c3 
SO 214 Racial and Cultural Minorities (BA Intercultural )3DF 395 Cyber Criminalistics3
Free Elective3 Free Elective3 
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 15Spring Semester Total Cr.: 15
Senior
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ Elective C3 CJ 410 Senior Seminar (Capstone) c3
General Education Arts & Humanities3 CJ Elective c3 
PO 321 U.S. Constitutional Law (or Free Elective if taking PO 324 in Spring)3General Education Leadership1-3 
Free Elective3 PO 324 Civil Liberties (or Free Elective only if PO 321 taken in fall)3
Free Elective3 Free Elective3 
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 15Spring Semester Total Cr.: 13-15
TOTAL CREDITS FOR THIS MAJOR: 120-122

Criminal Justice (B.A.) Criminology Conc. – Curriculum Map 2020-2021 Catalog 

New PlanGrids
Freshman
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice c3CJ 102 Criminal Law c3
EN 101 Composition and Literature I3EN 102 Composition and Literature II3
Modern Language OR4 Modern Language OR4 
  
SO Elective 53 General Education Leadership1-3 
   General Education Math3 
   PY 211 Introduction to Psychology (General Education Social Science)
or 212 Abnormal Psychology
3
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 13Spring Semester Total Cr.: 17-19
Sophomore
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 209 Methods of Social Science Research c
or PY 313 Experimental Psychology I
4-3CJ 201 Criminology c3
MA 232 Elementary Statistics3General Education History 13 
General Education Lab Science OR4 General Education Lab Science OR 24 
  
Social Science or Business Elective 43 General Education Literature (BA Intercultural) 33 
Free Elective3 Free Elective3 
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 17-16Spring Semester Total Cr.: 16
Junior
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 301 Criminal Procedure c3CJ 310 The Courts c3
CJ 308 The Police c3CJ 312 Corrections c3
PH 324 Criminal Justice Ethics (General Education Ethics)3DF 395 Cyber Criminalistics3
SO 214 Racial and Cultural Minorities (BA Intercultural)3Concentration Requirement c,63 
Concentration Requirement c,63 Free Elective3 
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 15Spring Semester Total Cr.: 15
Senior
Fall Cr. Comp. Spring Cr. Comp.
CJ 316 Criminal Violence c3CJ 410 Senior Seminar (Capstone) c3
PO 321 U.S. Constitutional Law (or Free Elective if taking PO 324 in Spring)3PO 324 Civil Liberties (or Free Elective only if PO 321 taken in fall)3
General Education Arts & Humanities 3 Free Elective3 
CJ Concentration Requirement c,63 Free Elective3 
Free Elective3    
      
Fall Semester Total Cr.: 15Spring Semester Total Cr.: 12
TOTAL CREDITS FOR THIS MAJOR: 120-121
 

Criminal Justice Minor 2020-2021 Catalog

For the minor in Criminal Justice, the student must complete six courses (18 degree credits) with a grade of C or higher that must include:

CJ 101Introduction to Criminal Justice3
CJ 102Criminal Law3
CJ 201Criminology3
Select two of the following:6
The Police3
The Courts3
Corrections3
Cyber Law and Cyber Crime3
One CJ Elective Course (excludes CJ 209)3
Total Cr.18

Courses

CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3 Cr.

A general survey of the principles, system, and process of criminal justice. Introduction to conceptions and definitions of crime, criminal law, and due process. Examination of the organization and operation of the three basic components of the criminal justice system -- the police, the courts, and corrections -- individually and in relationship to one another. Cross-listed with CRMJ 201; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 101 and CRMJ 201. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 102 Criminal Law 3 Cr.

This course presents the development of criminal law in the United States and discusses its principles, sources, distinctions, and limitations. The following topics are covered in detail: criminal liability; offenses against persons, property, public peace and public justice; preparatory activity crimes; and defenses available to those charged with criminal activity. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 188 No Norwich Equivalent 6 Cr.

CJ 1XX Criminal Justice Transfer Elective 3 Cr.

This course is used for transfer when no equivalent Norwich course exists.

CJ 201 Criminology 3 Cr.

This course covers the various biological, psychological, and sociological types of theory that have been offered to explain the incidence of crime in society. Various types of crime, including violent, property, corporate, political and victimless crime, methods of studying crime, and characteristics of criminals are also examined. Prerequisite: CJ 101 with grade of C of higher. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 209 Methods of Social Science Research 4 Cr.

An examination of the methodological foundations of the social sciences; the logic and technique of empirical inquiry; the nature of social facts, the operationalization of concepts, and the construction of hypotheses; research designs including surveys, interviews, experiments, observation, and evaluation; the organization and analysis of data; graph and table construction and interpretation; the common problems of empirical social research; and research ethics. Emphasis given to criminal justice applications. The lab part of the course instructs students how to use and apply SPSS and other relevant software. Classroom and Laboratory 4 hours. Cross-listed with SO 209; not permitted to earn credit for both SO 209 and CJ 209. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 288 No Norwich Equivalent 6 Cr.

CJ 2XX Criminal Justice Transfer Elective 3 Cr.

This course is used for transfer when no equivalent Norwich course exists.

CJ 300 Topics in Criminal Justice 3 Cr.

Topics in Criminal Justice. This course may be repeated up to four times when taken as different titles. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C of higher. (Occasionally).

CJ 301 Criminal Procedure 3 Cr.

This course addresses the legal procedure connected with arrest, search and seizure, identification and questioning, bail setting, indictments, and plea bargaining. Cross-listed with CRMJ 306; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 301 and CRMJ 306. Prerequisite: CJ 101 with a final grade of C or higher. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 304 Juvenile Delinquency 3 Cr.

An examination of the social and psychological dimensions of juvenile delinquency, its nature, extent, distribution, and patterns. Evaluation of theories and explanations of delinquent causation, and the investigation of delinquent subcultures. Consideration of labeling and conflict factors in the processing, prevention, and treatment of delinquents. Prerequisite CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Occasionally).

CJ 305 Juvenile Justice 3 Cr.

A general survey of the philosophy, system and process of juvenile justice. Examination of the social and legal control of juvenile delinquency by the police, courts and corrections, as well as by private agencies. Emphasis on the distinctions in philosophy, law, jurisdiction, organization and terminology between the juvenile justice system and the adult criminal justice system. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 306 Victimology 3 Cr.

An examination of the role of the victim in crime and the treatment of the victim by the criminal justice system. Instruction in the use of victimization data in determining crime rates and in developing prevention programs. Review of victim assistance, restitution and compensation programs. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Annually).

CJ 307 Social Control and Crime Prevention 3 Cr.

The course will focus on crime prevention as a method of social control and will examine processes of social control as social and institutional sources of crime prevention. Examination of personal defense, environmental, situational, community, and social models of crime prevention. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 308 The Police 3 Cr.

A general survey of American policing and police organizations. Examination of the history of the police and the police idea, as well as structural, cultural, and social psychological analyses of police organizations. Coverage of the topics of police socialization, behavior, and discretion; routine and specialized operations; community policing; and police misconduct, accountability and change in policing. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 310 The Courts 3 Cr.

An analysis of America's courts, and the courtroom work group with particular attention given to the dual role of the courts in adjudicating cases and interpreting the U.S. and state constitutions. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 312 Corrections 3 Cr.

An analysis of the development and present structure of the correctional process in America, including detailed examinations of the operational problems of correctional institutions, probation and parole practices and other community-based correctional alternatives. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 314 Restorative Justice 3 Cr.

This course presents a new paradigm of community justice as an alternative to the retributive model. The course examines and contrasts restorative approaches and traditional punitive responses to crime. Topics include mediation, victim-offender reconciliation, reparation for harm done to victims and the community and offender re-integration into the community. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Occasionally).

CJ 316 Criminal Violence 3 Cr.

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the causes, patterns, and interventions related to violent crimes, including: homicide, robbery, assaults, rape, hate crimes, and terrorism, and in different contexts and settings, such as gangs, the family, the workplace, and schools. Attention is also given to measuring and comparing different forms of violence, theoretical perspectives, challenges in studying violence, current events, and future implications for punishment and prevention. Prerequisite: CJ 201, grade of C or higher.

CJ 318 Transnational Crime 3 Cr.

An examination of key legal and procedural issues impacting the investigation of transnational crime—issues such as extra-territorial jurisdiction of US law, extradition and extra-judicial rendering, and the collection of evidence abroad. Includes relevant case studies on trafficking, organized crime and money laundering, corruption, and national security crimes. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of a C or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 320 Drugs and Society 3 Cr.

This course focuses on the interrelationships between drugs and the social order. Issues considered include: the nature and effects of legal and illegal drugs; the determinants of drug effects, especially the social determinants; the history of drug prohibition; drug addiction and drug treatment; and drug policy. Cross-listed with SO 320; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 320 and SO 320. Prerequisite: Sophomore status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 330 Terrorism 3 Cr.

In this course, students examine the critical issues of domestic and international terrorism. The phenomenon of terrorism is analyzed from varying theoretical and empirical perspectives. Topics include terror organizations/networks, ideology, motives, tactics, and propaganda. Attention is also given to terrorism research trends, current events, and future implications. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Annually).

CJ 341 Cyber Law and Cyber Crime 3 Cr.

This course includes extensive discussion of the legal constraints, both civil and criminal, that underlie acceptable behavior using computers and networks today. Cross-listed with IA 241; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 341 and IA 241. Prerequisite: sophomore status or higher. (Fall) 202140.

CJ 350 The Death Penalty 3 Cr.

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the death penalty in America, including detailed examination of capital punishment from 1608-modern day, the legal and ethical history of the death penalty, and the administration of the death penalty in America. Topics include issues based on offender and victim race, age, class or sex. Attention is also given to death penalty research trends, current events and future implications. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Occasionally).

CJ 362 Media, Justice and Society 3 Cr.

An overview of major theories regarding mass society, mediation, and social constructionism, exploring media impact on public perceptions of social problems, policies, justice, crime, and deviance. 3 Lecture hours. Prerequisites: SO 201 or SO 202 or CJ 101 (Fall, odd years).

CJ 364 Theories of Justice 3 Cr.

An introduction to major classical and contemporary theories of justice, with applications to social interactions and institutions from both a historical and contemporary perspective. 3 Lecture hours. Prerequisites: SO 201 or CJ 101; Sophomore status or higher. (Spring, even years).

CJ 388 No Norwich Equivalent 6 Cr.

CJ 399 Pilot course 3 Cr.

CJ 3XX Criminal Justice Transfer Elective 3 Cr.

This course is used for transfer when no equivalent Norwich course exists.

CJ 400 Independent Study 1-3 Cr.

An opportunity for qualified sophomore, junior, and senior students to engage in an intensive research program in fields of interest not satisfactorily covered by regular course offerings. Periodic conferences will be required. Prerequisites: CJ 101, grade of C or higher; Junior status or higher; Criminal Justice course average 3.0, cumulative GPA of 2.5; Permission of instructor. (Occasionally).

CJ 402 Law and Society 3 Cr.

An analysis of various theoretical perspectives on the nature, courses, organization and operation of law and legal systems. Emphasis will be placed on law creation, conflict resolution, the legal profession, and the role of law in social change. Cross listed with SO 402; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 402 and SO 402. Prerequisite: Sophomore status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 403 Criminal Justice Administration 3 Cr.

An introduction to the principles of public administration as they are applied in the operation of criminal justice agencies. This course will emphasize how such topics as organization, decision making, leadership style, personnel policy, planning, and budgeting are specifically adapted by criminal justice administrators to meet the needs of their agencies. Simulations will be used extensively as a tool for mastering administrative principles. Cross listed with CRMJ 305; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 403 and CRMJ 305. Prerequisite: CJ 101, final grade of C or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 405 Internship 1-9 Cr.

This elective course permits an upper-level student to participate directly in the criminal justice process by serving as an aide to agencies involved in the process. This offering is subject to the availability of such internships. Prerequisite: Junior status or higher; Criminal justice major or minor. Prerequisite: Permission of SJSS internship coordinator. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

CJ 410 Senior Seminar 3 Cr.

A course dedicated to intensive research and analysis of major issues in criminal justice. Emphasis will be placed on critical thinking and evaluation of topics previously discussed during the student's academic career in the criminal justice program. Attention will also be given to professional development topics, ethics and criminal justice policy. CJ 410 meets capstone requirement. Cross listed with CRMJ 400; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 410 and CRMJ 400. Prerequisite: Juniors status or higher; Criminal justice major. (Fall, Spring).

CJ 421 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems 3 Cr.

This course examines how countries other than the United States deal with the problem of crime and its control. It begins from the classic approach of a critical analysis of the history and development of the world's great legal traditions, and the role and structure of the criminal justice systems inside those traditions. Prerequisite: CJ 101, grade of C or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 422 Civil Liability in the Criminal Justice System 3 Cr.

This course examines the civil law that governs criminal justice agencies. As representatives of the government, Criminal Justice agencies must adhere to the Constitution and other State and Federal laws. When they fail to do so, the aggrieved party has the right to sue. This course explores the major state and federal liability theories that govern the management and daily operations of the police and correctional facilities. In addition, this course draws on your previous police, corrections and law courses to explore management issues related to civil liability. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in: CJ 101, CJ 102, CJ 301; Junior status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 423 Evidence 3 Cr.

This course is an in-depth examination of the rules governing the admissibility or exclusion of evidence at trial. Subjects include competency of witness, direct and cross-examination of witnesses, the rule against hearsay and its exceptions, expert and lay opinion testimony, privileged communications, relevancy, procedural considerations, judicial notice, burden of proof, presumptions, form and type of objections, authentication, the best evidence rule and the use of demonstrative and scientific evidence. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in: CJ 101, CJ 102; Junior status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 424 Murder: Our Killing Culture 3 Cr.

This course provides a comprehensive examination of the nature and extent of both the common and unusual forms of murder in the United States. The class examines characteristics, trends, and the theoretical explanations of homicide as well as the prediction and prevention of various kinds of murder. The impact of murder on homicide survivors is also examined as well as the use of murder as entertainment in our culture. The course is designed to give students greater insight into serial, spree and mass murder, intrafamilial homicide, murder in the workplace, profiling and stalking. Although emphasis is placed on the sociological determinants of murder, psychological and biological factors are also examined. Prerequisites: CJ 101, grade of C or higher; Junior status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 425 Domestic Violence 3 Cr.

This course provides a comprehensive examination of the nature and extent of domestic violence in the United States. Theoretical perspectives used to explain intimate violence are examined as well as the social factors that are related to patterns of intimate and family abuse. The course discusses domestic violence from a historical and global perspective and is designed to provide students with a greater understanding of the impact of domestic abuse on victims/survivors and society as a whole. Topics including child and elder abuse; the criminal justice system's response to domestic abuse; intervention, well as related crimes such as sexual assault and intrafamilial homicides. Prerequisites: CJ 101, grade of C or higher; Junior status or higher. (Every other year).

CJ 430 Homeland Security 3 Cr.

In this course, students examine the critical issues associated with Homeland Security. Homeland Security is analyzed both from a scholarly and practitioner perspective. Topics include infectious diseases, border security, secure air/sea/ground travel, natural catastrophes, terrorism, and critical infrastructure. Federal, state, and local governmental responsibilities and policies are also examined. Attention is also given to Homeland Security research, trends, current events, and future implications. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in: CJ 101, CJ 308. (Annually).

CJ 442 Introduction to Computer Forensics 4 Cr.

This course provides the student with an ability to perform basic forensic techniques and use appropriate media analysis software. Knowledge of the security, structure and protocols of network operating systems and devices will be covered as students learn to gather evidence in a networked environment and to image and restore evidence properly without destroying its value. The student will learn and practice gaining evidence from a computer system while maintaining its integrity and a solid chain of custody. Within the laboratory, the student will gain hands-on experience in the use of current investigative tools. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Cross listed with DF 242; not permitted to earn credit for both CJ 442 and DF 242. Prerequisites: CS 140, grade of C or higher. (Spring).

CJ 444 Crime Analysis and Mapping 3 Cr.

This course provides an introduction to crime analysis and crime mapping and examines techniques used to study crime and disorder patterns faced by law enforcement agencies today. The course will discuss the theory, data collection methods, analysis techniques, technology, statistics, and dissemination products used by crime analysts as well as the history of and career opportunities in crime analysis. Students will learn how to use at least two crime analysis and mapping software applications during the course of the semester. A capstone project for the course involves conducting a crime analysis and mapping project for a Vermont criminal justice agency. Prerequisite: Grade of C or higher in: CJ 101, CJ 209. (Annually).

CJ 488 No Norwich Equivalent 6 Cr.

CJ 4XX Criminal Justice Elective 3 Cr.

This course is used for transfer when no equivalent Norwich course exists.