General Education

This is an archived copy of the 2017-18 Catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit

Norwich University General Education Goals are designed to provide students with the intellectual tools to experience, explore and master new topics throughout a period of life-long learning. To this end, at least forty credit hours in every major must be dedicated to basic literacy in English, mathematics, humanities, social sciences, and science outside the area of major concentration. Required 100 level courses in English, language, and mathematics should be completed by the end of the sophomore year. If a student fails to meet this requirement, he/she must enroll for these courses first semester junior year.

Students may not combine catalogs to meet graduation requirements; the catalog used must be the same for the requirements of majors, minors and General Education. 

Goal 1:  Critical Reading, Writing and Research

Students will be able to write with clarity and precision, and read with comprehension. They will be able to exercise the skills of independent inquiry, that is, to find, analyze, synthesize, and critically evaluate information in the respective discipline. 

This objective will be met beginning with EN 101 Composition and Literature I and EN 102 Composition and Literature II or approved equivalent; be reinforced by critical reading, writing, and research throughout the curriculum, and culminate in a capstone course in each major. Wherever graded written work is required, part of the grade must be used to evaluate clarity and precision, and to reinforce the writing mechanics learned in EN 101 and EN 102.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Construct a clear thesis supported by evidence from primary and secondary sources
  • Develop knowledge of linguistic structures, including grammar, punctuation, and spelling, through practice in compoisng and revising
  • Demonstrate conventions for structure, paragraphing, tone, and mechanics
  • Apply appropriate citation styles

Courses that meet Goal 1:

Composition and Literature I3
Composition and Literature II3
Goal 2:  Mathematics and Quantitative Reasoning

Students will achieve an understanding of mathematical and quantitative reasoning and its place in today’s world. They should understand how to construct mathematical models as a means of formulating problems and be able to apply appropriate logical, quantitative, and technological methods to solve problems. Students must complete two mathematics courses.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Organize, analyze, and interpret quantitative information
  • Select and apply a mathematical model, including the appropriate quantitative methods and/or technology, to find a solution to a problem motivated by a real-world situation
  • Communicate mathematical reasoning clearly and coherently

Courses that meet Goal 2:

MA 101Mathematics: A Liberal Art3
MA 102Mathematics: A Liberal Art3
MA 107Precalculus Mathematics4
MA 108Applied Calculus4
MA 121Calculus I4
MA 122Calculus II4
MA 161Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers II3
MA 212Finite Mathematics3
MA 220Geometry in Action3
MA 223Calculus III4
MA 224Differential Equations4
MA 232Elementary Statistics3
MA 235Clinical Mathematical Methods3
MA 240Introduction to Number Theory and Cryptology3
MA 241Mathematical Computation and Modeling3
MA 303Advanced Calculus I3
MA 304Advanced Calculus II3
MA 306Discrete Mathematics3
MA 308Modern Geometry3
MA 309Algebraic Structures3
MA 310Linear Algebra3
MA 311Statistical Methodology3
MA 312Statistical Methodology II3
MA 318Cryptology3
MA 321Financial Mathematics3
MA 360Teaching Mathematics at the Elementary - Middle School Level3
MA 370Introduction to Operations Research3
MA 380Theory of Computation3
MA 390Numerical Linear Algebra and Analysis3
MA 399Mathematical Problem Solving3
MA 405Complex Analysis3
MA 407Vector Analysis3
MA 411Senior Seminars3
MA 412Senior Seminars3
MA 421Number Theory3
MA 499Mathematics Internship3
Goal 3: Human Expression in Literature, History, Arts, and Humanities

Students will possess a knowledge of, and appreciation for, the variety of human expression found in cultures and civilizations of the United States and the world. This will be achieved by requiring students to take one course in history, one course in literature, and one course in arts and humanities. 

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Demonstrate a working knowledge of the vocabulary and methods in the discipline of the course
  • Locate, assess, and utilize primary and secondary sources
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the variety of human expression
  • Demonstrate a working knowledge of the relevant discipline's authors and texts, philosophical issues, historical processes and contingencies, or recognized creative works within their geographical, cultural, and/or historical contexts

Courses that meet Goal 3:

Literature Courses
EN 201World Literature I3
EN 202World Literature II3
EN 210Modern Short Story3
EN 220Children's Literature3
EN 225Survey of British Literature I3
EN 226Survey of British Literature II3
EN 227Survey of American Literature I3
EN 228Survey of American Literature II3
EN 244The Literature of Leadership3
EN 245Science Fiction Literature3
EN 250Crime in Literature3
EN 251Literature of the Sea3
EN 253Approaches to Shakespeare3
EN 270Military Literature3
EN 272Veterans' Literature and Writing3
EN 373Major Author3
EN 278Writing for the Web3
EN 282Literary Methods3
EN 292American Ethnic Literature & Cultural Literature3
EN 299Topics in English Studies3
EN 320Literature of the Developing World3
EN 322Topics in World Literatures3
EN 370Topics in British Literature3
EN 390Topics in American Literature3
EN 399Topics in English Studies3
EN 420Thematic Seminar-Literature3
EN 425Directed Study In Literature3
EN 450Senior Seminar3
FR 321A Survey of French Literature I3
FR 322A Survey of French Literature II3
FR 327French Literature since 1900 I3
FR 328French Literature since 1900 II3
FR 350Topics Course3
FR 415Seminar: Topics in French Literature3
GR 322Survey of German Lit I: From the Beginnings to 18483
GR 324Survey of German Literature II: 1848 to 19453
GR 326Survey of German Literature III: 1945 to the Present3
GR 350Topics Course3
GR 415Seminar on a Topic in German Literature and Culture3
GR 421Reading and Research in German Literature or Civilization3
SP 318Spanish American Short Stories3
SP 321Introduction to the Literature of Spain I3
SP 322Introduction to the Literature of Spain II3
SP 327Hispano-American Literature I3
SP 328Hispano-American Literature II3
SP 350Topics Course3
SP 354ENEl narco3
SP 415Seminar: Topics in Spanish or Latin-American Literature and Culture3
SP 421Reading and Research in Spanish or Latin-American Literature and Culture3
History Courses
HI 107The History of Civilization I3
HI 108The History of Civilization II3
HI 121American History Survey I3
HI 122American History Survey II3
HI 201Ancient Greece and Rome3
HI 202The Middle Ages: Europe 500 - 15003
HI 211Early East Asian Civilizations3
HI 212Modern East Asian Civilizations3
HI 214History of the Middle East3
HI 215Vermont Regional Material Culture3
HI 218Survey of Sub-Sahara Africa3
HI 223Europe's Age of Revolution. 1500 -18003
HI 224Modern European History3
HI 227Modern British History, 1688 - Present3
HI 228Norwich University History3
HI 235Military History I3
HI 236Military History II3
HI 260Topics in History3
HI 303Colloquium in Ancient History3
HI 304Colloquium in Medieval History3
HI 315Modern China3
HI 317Modern Japan3
HI 319Colloquium in Chinese History3
HI 321Reformation Europe3
HI 322Colloquium in Early Modern European History3
HI 326Nazi Germany and the Holocaust3
HI 329Modern Russian History, 1917 to the Present3
HI 331The Colonial Period of American History3
HI 332The American Revolution3
HI 333Colloquium in Early American History3
HI 334The Citizen-Soldier in American History3
HI 33520th Century U.S. History3
HI 338U.S. Diplomatic History, 1776-19143
HI 339U.S. Diplomatic History, 1914-present3
HI 340Colloquium in Twentieth Century United States History3
HI 341U.S. Civil War Era, 1848-18773
HI 345Colloquium in the History of the Middle East & Northeast Africa3
HI 355Colloquium in Modern Military History3
HI 360Topics in U.S. History3
HI 361Topics in Modern European History3
HI 362Topics in Pre Modern History3
HI 363Topics in Non-Western History3
HI 371Nation-Building3
HI 372Military History of the United States I, 1775-19023
HI 373Military History of the United States II, 1902-Present3
HI 400Independent Study3
HI 405History Internship3-12
HI 430Capstone Seminar in United States History3
HI 431Capstone Seminar in Modern European History3
HI 432Capstone Seminar in Pre-Modern History3
HI 433Seminar in Non-Western History3
HI 490Honors in History I3
HI 491Honors in History II3
Arts & Humanities Courses
CM 109Introduction to Mass Media3
CM 261Interpersonal Communications3
CM 335Television Criticism3
CM 436Communications Law and Ethics3
CN 111Beginning Chinese I6
CN 112Beginning Chinese II6
CN 205Intermediate Chinese I3
CN 206Intermediate Chinese II3
CN 301Advanced Chinese I3
CN 302Advanced Chinese II3
CN 311Media Chinese3
CN 321Chinese Literature, Culture and Society I 1911-19493
CN 322Chinese Literature, Culture and Society II 1949-Present3
CN 331Advanced Chinese Composition and Conversation (I)3
CN 332Advanced Chinese Composition and Conversation (II)3
CN 365Chinese Literature, Culture and Society III: 221 BCE-19113
CN 366Chinese Literature, Culture and Society IV: Beginning-221 BCE3
CN 399Topics3
EN 203Advanced Composition3
EN 239Introduction to Theater3
EN 240Technical Aspects of Theatrical Design3
EN 241Acting and Directing3
EN 242Play Production1-3
EN 274Introduction to Creative Writing3
EN 276Environmental Writing3
EN 307The History of the Motion Picture3
EN 308The Motion Picture Director3
EN 310The Art of the Motion Picture3
EN 311American Film Comedy3
EN 350History of the English Language3
EN 362Rhetorical Criticism3
EN 364Intermediate Creative Writing3
Plus EN classes listed above under Literature
FA 201History/Theory of Architecture I3
FA 202History/Theory of Architecture II3
FA 221History of Visual Arts I: Prehistoric to 13503
FA 222History of Visual Arts II: 1350 to the Modern Era3
FA 240History of American Art3
FA 250Topics in Art3
FA 260Art Appreciation3
FA 308History/Theory of Artchitectural III3
FA 309History/Theory of Architectural IV3
FR 111Beginning French I6
FR 112Beginning French II6
FR 150Topics Course3
FR 150ENTopics Course in English3
FR 205Intermediate French I3
FR 206Intermediate French II3
FR 250Topics Course3
FR 250ENTopics Course in English3
FR 311Advanced French I3
FR 312Advanced French II3
FR 331Advanced French Composition, Conversation, and Translation I3
FR 332Advanced French Composition, Conversation, and Translation II3
FR 350ENTopics Course in English3
FR 421Reading and Research on a Topic in French Literature and Civilization3
Plus FR courses listed above under Literature
GR 111Beginning German I6
GR 112Beginning German II6
GR 150Topics Course3
GR 150ENTopics Course in English3
GR 205Intermediate German I3
GR 206Intermediate German II3
GR 250Topics Course3
GR 250ENTopics Course in English3
GR 321Survey of German Culture I: From the Beginnings to 18483
GR 323Survey of German Culture II: 1848 to 19453
GR 325Survey of German Culture III: 1945 to the Present3
GR 350ENTopics Course in English3
Plus GR courses listed above under Literature
MU 101Music Appreciation3
MU 271History of Jazz3
PH 210Foundations of Western Thought I: The Ancient World3
PH 230Logic3
PH 303Survey of Ethics3
PH 305Foundations of Western Thought II: The Middle Ages3
PH 306Foundations of Western Thought III: 17th & 18th Centuries3
PH 307Foundations of Western Thought IV: 19th and 20th Centuries3
PH 322Business Ethics3
PH 323Environmental Ethics3
PH 324Criminal Justice Ethics3
PH 340Philosophy of Non-Violence3
PH 350Medical Ethics3
PH 360Philosophy of Science3
PH 400Reading and Research3
SA 103Introduction to Drawing3
SA 104Introduction to Visual Design3
SA 105Introduction to Painting3
SA 106Introduction to Printmaking3
SA 107Introduction to Photography3
SA 200Intermediate Studio3
SA 205Water Media3
SA 210The Portrait3
SA 265Life Drawing3
SA 299Life Drawing3
SA 300Advanced Studio3
SP 111Beginning Spanish I6
SP 112Beginning Spanish II6
SP 150Topics Course3
SP 150ENTopics Course in English3
SP 205Intermediate Spanish I3
SP 206Intermediate Spanish II3
SP 250Topics Course3
SP 250ENTopics Course in English3
SP 301Advanced Spanish I3
SP 302Advanced Spanish II3
SP 331Advanced Spanish Composition and Conversation I3
SP 332Advanced Spanish Composition and Conversation II3
SP 350ENTopics Course in English3
SP 356Cinema of Spain3
Plus and SP classes listed above under Literture
Goal 4: Natural Sciences

Students will gain a basic level of literacy in current scientific knowledge and theories and develop an appreciation for the natural world, in part through classroom and hands-on laboratory experiences by completing two courses in laboratory science. This will expose students to the scientific method and provide the critical thinking skills, necessary to make intelligent, well informed decisions.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the process involved in applying the scientific method (gathering data, analysis, and interpretation)
  • Apply basic scientific knowledge and logic in evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of an argument Apply basic scientific knowledge and logic in the decision-making process
  • Display a basic understanding of one or more fundamental scientific systems or theories

Courses that meet Goal 4:

BI 101Principles of Biology I4
BI 102Principles of Biology II4
BI 122Concepts in Biology4
BI 201Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy4
BI 216Human Anatomy & Physiology II4
BI 240Environmental and Food Microbiology4
BI 253Foods and Nutrition4
BI 260Ornithology4
BI 275Environmental Biology4
BI 302Embryology4
BI 304Physiology4
BI 305Biomedical Techniques4
BI 316Plant Taxonomy4
BI 325Invertebrate Zoology4
BI 326Natural History of the Vertebrates4
BI 330Immunology4
BI 341Plant Anatomy4
BI 351Dendrology and Silvics4
BI 364Pathophysiology in Sports Medicine4
BI 370Introduction to Neuroscience4
BI 399Topics in Biology4
BI 415Neuroanatomy4
BI 418Medical Microbiology4
BI 420Diseases of the Nervous System4
BI 424Woodland Ecology and Management4
BI 440Reading and Research3,4
BI 450Internship in Biology3,4
CH 100Introduction to Forensic Science4
CH 101Introduction to General Chemistry4
CH 102Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry4
CH 103General Chemistry I4
CH 104General Chemistry II4
CH 204Quantitative Analysis4
CH 205Survey of Organic Chemistry4
CH 225Organic Chemistry I4
CH 226Organic Chemistry II4
CH 324Biochemistry I4
CH 325Biochemistry II4
ES 270Fundamentals of Environmental Science4
GL 110Introduction to Geology4
GL 111Oceanography4
GL 156Introduction to Earth Evolution4
GL 199Geology Elective4
GL 253Geomorphology4
GL 257Sedimentation4
GL 258Stratigraphy and Tectonics4
GL 260Projects in Geology1-4
GL 261Field Geology4
GL 262Structural Geology4
GL 263Mineralogy4
GL 264Petrology4
GL 265Glacial Geology and Paleoclimate4
ID 110Ecology and Geology of the Connecticut River Valley4
PS 107Introductory Solar System Astronomy4
PS 108Stellar and Galactic Astronomy4
PS 201General Physics I4
PS 202General Physics II4
PS 211University Physics I4
PS 212University Physics II4
Goal 5: Individual, Society, and Social Structures

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the patterns of human behavior and social structures, their related opportunities, problems, and issues.  This will be accomplished by completing one course in economics, political science, psychology, or sociology.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Identify factors that shape human behavior
  • Discuss factors that shape social structures
  • Articulate how the factors, determinants, and dynamics found in human behavior and social structures present problems or opportunities

Courses that meet Goal 5:

EC 106The Structure and Operation of the World Economy3
EC 201Principles of Economics (Macro)3
EC 202Principles of Economics (Micro)3
EC 300Topics in Economic History3
EC 301Intermediate Price Theory3
EC 302National Income Analysis3
EC 304Labor Economics3
EC 310Money and Banking3
EC 331Business and Government3
EC 403Comparative Economic Systems3
EC 406Public Finance3
EC 419International Economics3
EC 421History of Economic Thought3
EC 499Seminar in Economics and Finance3
PO 105American Politics3
PO 106Introduction to Public Policy and Administration3
PO 202Introduction to Comparative Politics3
PO 215International Relations3
PO 220Research Methods3
PO 300Special Topics in Politics3
PO 301Special Topics in International Relations3
PO 303Political Philosophy3
PO 305Geopolitics3
PO 310European Politics3
PO 312The Presidency3
PO 313Political Parties and Interest Groups3
PO 314The Legislative Process3
PO 315Public Opinion and Political Behavior3
PO 320Topics in Area Studies3
PO 321U.S. Constitutional Law3
PO 324Civil Liberties3
PO 330American Citizenship3
PO 331State and Local Politics3
PO 333American Foreign Policy3
PO 340Revolution and Forces of Change3
PO 348Asian Politics3
PO 400Independent Study3
PO 403Internship3-15
PO 405International Organizations3
PO 410Capstone Seminar in Political Science3
PO 412War and Peace3
PO 415International Law3
PO 490Honors in Political Science3
PO 491Honors in Political Science3
PO 499Topics:4
PY 210Psychology of Leadership3
PY 211Introduction to Psychology3
PY 212Abnormal Psychology3
PY 220Developmental Psychology3
PY 230Biopsychology3
PY 232Engineering Psychology3
PY 234Forensic Psychology3
PY 236Cross-Cultural Psychology3
PY 238Political Psychology3
PY 240Introduction to Social Psychology3
PY 241Introduction to Personality Theory3
PY 263Perception3
PY 299Psychological Testing3
PY 313Experimental Psychology I3
PY 314Experimental Psychology II3
PY 321Organizational Psychology3
PY 324Adolescent Psychology3
PY 344Cognition4
PY 350Environmental Psychology3
PY 352Learning and Memory4
PY 355Psychology and the Law3
PY 360History and Systems of Psychology3
PY 398Thesis Preparation3
PY 401Senior Seminar3
PY 402Conference0
PY 403Presentation0
PY 451Thematic Seminar3
PY 452Thematic Seminar3
PY 453Internship3-9
PY 471Directed Readings3
PY 498Senior Thesis3
SO 201Introduction to Sociology3
SO 202Problems of Modern Society3
SO 209Methods of Social Science Research4
SO 212Cultural Anthropology3
SO 214Racial and Cultural Minorities3
SO 216Soc of Health, Wellness & Med3
SO 300Topics in Sociology3
SO 316Aging in Society3
SO 320Drugs and Society3
SO 330Military Sociology3
SO 400Independent Study3
SO 402Law and Society3
Goal 6: Ethics

Students must be able to think critically and make ethical decisions. Critical thinking begins with integration of course work from all general education areas and culminates in the capstone course in each major. Ethical decision-making begins with adherence to the honor code. Students must be able to recognize ethical issues and articulate ethical decisions. This will be achieved in a course that includes the requirement that students deal with ethical ambiguities and articulate ethical decisions.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Identify major ethical, conceptual, and factual issues and stakeholders
  • Articulate ethical principles and whether they concur or are in conflict with one another
  • Present an argument supporting a position, relying on relevant ethical principle(s), anticipating possible counter-arguments and consequences

Course that meet Goal 6:

AP 436Project Delivery and Documentation4
CM 436Communications Law and Ethics3
EG 043Conference0
EG 450Professional Issues3
MG 341Business Law I3
NS 422Leadership and Ethics3
PE 355Coaching:Leadership in Sports3
PE 406Readings in Physical Education3
PH 303Survey of Ethics3
PH 322Business Ethics3
PH 323Environmental Ethics3
PH 324Criminal Justice Ethics3
PH 340Philosophy of Non-Violence3
PH 350Medical Ethics3
PY 360History and Systems of Psychology3
SM 439Leadership & Management in Sports Medicine3
SSDA 400The Capstone Project6
Goal 7: Capstone Experience

Students must develop a sound foundation in an area of major concentration by meeting curriculum requirements specified for each program in the catalog.  Integration of reading, writing, speaking, and critical thinking skills within the area of expertise culminates in a capstone course in each major.

Course that meet Goal 7:

AP 412Architectural Design VI5
BI 401Senior Seminar3
CE 480Senior Design3
CH 413Chemistry Seminar (AND)1
Chemical Synthesis and Examination II3
CJ 410Senior Seminar3
CM 407Senior Communications Seminar3
CN 415Senior Seminar3
CS 420Computer Science capstone I (AND)3
Computer Science capstone II3
ED 425Student Teaching12
EE 491Electrical System Design I3
EM 480Construction Management Practices3
EN 450Senior Seminar3
ES 440Research Project in Environmental Science3
GL 440Research Project in Geology3
IA 456Cyber Defense Practicum3
HI 430Capstone Seminar in United States History3
HI 431Capstone Seminar in Modern European History3
HI 432Capstone Seminar in Pre-Modern History3
HI 433Seminar in Non-Western History3
HI 491Honors in History II3
IN 410Seminar in International Studies3
MA 411Senior Seminars3
MG 449Administrative Policy and Strategy3
ME 467Mechanical Engineering Design I3
NR 441Nursing Capstone4
PE 406Readings in Physical Education3
PO 410Capstone Seminar in Political Science3
PO 491Honors in Political Science3
PS 474Senior Laboratory II3
PY 401Senior Seminar3
SM 450Capstone Experience I (AND)1
Capstone Experience II1
SP 415Seminar: Topics in Spanish or Latin-American Literature and Culture3
Goal 8: Leadership

Students must develop leadership knowledge skills through a course with emphasis on  leadership.  Such a course will ensure that students will acquire, demonstrate, and reflect upon leadership concepts and components.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to

  • Acquire and utilize the concepts of leadership
  • Demonstrate awareness of various dimensions of leadership
  • Reflect upon the experience of trying to achieve a shared goal in collaborative work

Course that meets Goal 8:

LD 101Norwich Principles of Leadership Mastery1