Biology

Charles A. Dana Professor Karen Hinkle; Professor Lauren Howard; Associate Professors Megan Doczi, Scott Page (Chair); Assistant Professors Allison Neal and Simon Pearish; Lecturers  Kylie Blodgett, David Ebenstein, Mary Beth Klinger-Lawrence and Virginia Kunkel.

A core curriculum of science, mathematics and English courses ensures development of appropriate analytical and communication skills. Rounding out the major, four free biology electives and seven free electives allow students to design their program to meet specific career goals and develop one or more minors and/or double majors. A special Pre-medical Committee oversees students on a Pre-medical/Pre-dental track and assists in the placement of these graduates. 

Biology is the scientific discipline that investigates life in all of its forms. An appreciation of the complexity of structure and function requires the use of a variety of teaching tools, including the use of living and preserved organisms. Consequently, both living and preserved organisms will be ethically and humanely employed whenever appropriate to further student understanding and appreciation for life.

Mission:

Biology and Neuroscience curricula offer students the opportunity to study the structure and function of living systems, from the complexity of cellular components to whole organism dynamics to ecosystem design.

Goals:
  • Prepare students for admission into graduate, medical, optometry, dentistry, and veterinary medical schools as well as entry into the workforce in various biology-related fields.

Outcomes:
  • Graduates understand and have broad knowledge of the biological or neurological sciences including, but not limited to, the botany, zoology, microbiological and other laboratory-based sciences, as well as ecology and other field sciences.
  • Graduates are prepared for successful employment in a profession in the field of biology or neuroscience, or for graduate or professional school.
     
Careers for these Majors:
  • Graduate School: Medical, Optometry, Dentistry, Veterinary Medicine
  • Environmental Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Research and Development

B. S. in Biology – Curriculum Map 2017-2018 Catalog

Print PDF Curriculum Map

Freshman
FallCr.SpringCr.
BI 101 Principles of Biology I (General Education Lab Science)4BI 102 Principles of Biology II (General Education Lab Science)4
CH 103 General Chemistry I4BI 203 Introduction to Scientific Method & Bioscientific Terminology1
EN 101 Composition and Literature I3CH 104 General Chemistry II4
MA 107 Precalculus Mathematics (General Education Math)4EN 102 Composition and Literature II3
 MA 108 Applied Calculus or 232 (General Education Math)3-4
Semester Total Credits15Semester Total Credits15-16
Sophomore
FallCr.SpringCr.
BI 205 Ecology4BI 226 Cell Biology4
CH 225 Organic Chemistry I4CH 226 Organic Chemistry II4
General Education History3General Education Arts & Humanities3
General Education Literature3General Education Social Science3
Semester Total Credits14Semester Total Credits14
Junior
FallCr.SpringCr.
BI 303 Genetics4BI 395 Evolution4
BI Elective4BI Elective4
PS 201 General Physics I4PS 202 General Physics II4
General Education Ethics3Free Elective3
Free Elective3Free Elective3
Semester Total Credits18Semester Total Credits18
Senior
FallCr.SpringCr.
BI 401 Senior Seminar (Capstone)3BI Elective4
BI Elective4Free Elective/Biology Elective3
Free Elective/Biology Elective3Free Elective3
Free Elective3Free Elective3
Semester Total Credits13Semester Total Credits13
Total Credits For This Major: 120-121

Biology Minor Curriculum Map 2017-2018 Catalog

Must earn a C or higher in all courses.

BI 101Principles of Biology I4
BI 102Principles of Biology II4
BI Elective (200 level or higher)3-4
BI Elective (200 level or higher)4
BI Elective (200 level or higher)4
Bi Elective (200 level or higher)4
Total Cr.23-24
1

PE 365PE 371, or CH 324 may be substituted for one BI Elective (200 level or higher) course. 

Courses

BI 101 Principles of Biology I 4 Cr.

This course is the prerequisite for all biology courses and satisfies general education laboratory science requirements for both majors and non-majors. This course gives an introduction to biochemistry, cell structure, metabolism, and protein synthesis, as well as human anatomy and physiology. Dissection of living and preserved animals is required. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Offered fall and spring semesters.

BI 102 Principles of Biology II 4 Cr.

This course is a prerequisite for most biology courses and satisfies general education laboratory science requirements for both majors and non-majors. This course explores genetics, evolutionary theory, diversity of life on earth, history of life on earth, and ecology. Dissection of preserved animals is required. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: BI 101 or permission of the instructor. Offered spring semesters.

BI 122 Concepts in Biology 4 Cr.

A lab science course designed exclusively for non-science majors that aims to give students an appreciation of the major concepts and current topics in biology. Concepts may include cell structures, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, genetics and ecology as well as human anatomy and physiology. Current topics may include stem cell research, nutrition, diseases, steroid abuse, traumatic brain injury, global climate change, and other pertinent issues. The course meets the general education requirement for laboratory science, but cannot be counted towards a biology major or minor. Credit may not be earned for both BI 101 and BI 122. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Offered spring semesters.

BI 1XL Biology Lab Transfer Elective 4 Cr.

BI 1XX Biology Transfer Elective 3 Cr.

BI 201 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 Cr.

A study of the origins, structure and functions of the organ systems of representative vertebrates. An attempt is made to correlate form and function in the evolution of the vertebrates. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102. Offered fall semesters of odd numbered years.

BI 203 Introduction to Scientific Method & Bioscientific Terminology 1 Cr.

An introduction to the philosophy of science, the scientific method and bioscientific terminology. Analysis of data and interpretation of scientific and science-related popular press articles is stressed. Includes exposure to various forms of scientific communication and data collection and analysis. Prepares the student for the rigors of majoring in the biological sciences. Classroom 1 hour. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing, major in Biology.

BI 205 Ecology 4 Cr.

The interrelationships between living organisms and their total enviornment are studied through a combination of lecture, laboratory and field studies. Major concepts include evolution, ecosystem structure and function, community development, species diversity, succession, interspecific and intraspecific relationships, competition, predation, behavior, population growth and regulation. Collection and preservation of plants and animals may be required. Classroom 3 hours. Lab/fieldwork 3 hours. Prerequisites BI 102. Offered fall semesters.

BI 215 Human Anatomy & Physiology I 4 Cr.

This is the first half of a two semester course exploring human anatomy and physiology. It covers cellular metabolism, tissues, and the following body systems: skeletal, muscle, integumentary, and nervous. Dissection of preserved animals is required. This course does not fulfill the General Edcuation Science requirement. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Offered fall semesters.

BI 216 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4 Cr.

This is the second half of a two semester course exploring human anatomy and physiology. It investigates the following body systems: endocrine, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, lymphatic (including the immune response), urinary, and reproductive. Dissection of preserved animals is required. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: BI 215 or permission of the instructor. Offered spring semesters.

BI 220 Introductory Microbiology 4 Cr.

A survey of the field of microbiology with emphasis on those microorganisms of medical significance. Fundamentals of microbial structure, physiology and control are considered along with the role of pathogenic organisms in the infectious and disease processes. Laboratory exercises are designed to provide facility in visualizing, staining, culturing, enumerating, isolating, maintaining, and identifying micro organisms. This course does not fulfill the General Edcuation Science requirement. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Offered spring semesters.

BI 226 Cell Biology 4 Cr.

A molecular level examination of the ultrastructure and function of the cytoplasm, intracellular components, cell membrane, extracellular structures and formation, and excretion of extracellular products. Recent developments in molecular biology will be stressed, including the implications for the biotechnology industry. The laboratory component will include state-of-the-art procedures and will emphasize hands-on experimental techniques. May require dissection of living animals. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 102 and one year of college chemistry. Offered even-numbered fall semesters.

BI 240 Environmental and Food Microbiology 4 Cr.

A course designed to develop an awareness of the essential role of microbes in maintaining the biosphere and the quality of life of its human inhabitants. The role of microorganisms as degraders, bioremediators and recyclers of essential elements will be presented and reinforced through laboratory exercises. The dependence of humans on microorganisms for health, food transformation, pharmaceutical production and genetic engineering will be explored in lecture and lab. Controversies surrounding the use of biotechnology to produce genetically engineered foods and animals as well as agents for bioterrorism, will be discussed. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102 or permission of the instructor. Offered even-numbered fall semesters.

BI 253 Foods and Nutrition 4 Cr.

A course designed to provide the student with a background in organizational structure and activities that emphasize the physiological basis of nutrition with an analysis of nutritional needs at various age levels. Consideration given to the relationship of nutrition to health and fitness, principles of food selection, metabolism of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, energy balance and obesity, food safety and technology. Classroom 3 hours, Field Experience/Laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: BI 101. Offered spring semesters.

BI 260 Ornithology 4 Cr.

A survey of avian biology and ecology to include evolution, the anatomical and physiological adaptations for flight, migration, behavior, reproduction and identification of birds and their songs. Integrated classroom, laboratory, and field studies will emphasize Vermont birds. Dissection of the pigeon during the spring semester is an integral part of the spring course's laboratory component. The summer course features a nesting study in lieu of dissection. Classroom 3 hours, laroratory 2 hours. Offered spring semesters.

BI 275 Environmental Biology 4 Cr.

An introduction to the interaction of man and the environment with emphasis on contemporary problems and their possible solutions. Local and global forms of pollution, detrimental environmental practices, and other relationships will be explored in the classroom and the laboratory. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisities: BI 101, BI 102 or permission of the instructor. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 2XL Biology Lab Elective 4 Cr.

BI 2XX Biology Elective 3 Cr.

BI 302 Embryology 4 Cr.

A study of the fundamental principles of development through the establishment of the major organs and systems, exemplified in the laboratory by study of representative embryonic forms. May require dissection of living and preserved animals. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: BI 101, BI 102 or permission of instructor. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 303 Genetics 4 Cr.

The pshysical and chemical basis of inhertiance, expression, and interaction of the hereditary units, linkage, and variation. The application of Mendelian princliples to plants and animals. Consideration is also given to microbial and viral genetics, genetic engineering, and related topics. Clarrom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 102. Offered Fall semester.

BI 304 Physiology 4 Cr.

A study of the comparative physiology of animals. Physical and chemical principles, cell physiology, with emphasis on homeostatic mechanisms and the study of functions of organ systems. May require dissection of living animals. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102, and 1 year of college chemistry. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 305 Biomedical Techniques 4 Cr.

Students are familiarized with the theories and applications of the new technologies that pervade the fields of biotechnology and molecular biology. Laboratory exercises illustrate key concepts and provide hands-on experience in the use of instrumentation essential to molecular biologists. Classroom 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102 or BI 215, BI 216, and CH 103, CH 104. Offered odd numbered fall semesters.

BI 316 Plant Taxonomy 4 Cr.

A general survey of the taxonomy and evolution of vascular plants, emphasizing herbaceous plants. Recognition of plant families, identification of species, and principles of collecting and preserving are stressed. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: BI 102 or permission of instructor. Offered even-numbered fall semesters.

BI 325 Invertebrate Zoology 4 Cr.

A fundamental course designed to give the student a general knowledge of the structure, physiology, life histories, and ecology of the invertebrate animals. Requires dissection of living and preserved animals. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102. Offered even-numbered fall semesters.

BI 326 Natural History of the Vertebrates 4 Cr.

A study of the classification, identification, and ecology of the vertebrates with special emphasis on the local fauna. Collection and preservation of organisms is an integral part of the course. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102. Offered odd-numbered fall semesters.

BI 330 Immunology 4 Cr.

A course presenting the basic principles of immunology, including antigen-antibody characteristics, the role of the immune system in defense and disease, and the application of fundamental concepts in the development of new technologies and immunodiagnosis. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101, BI 102 or BI 215, BI 216, and 1 year of college chemistry. Offered odd-numbered spring semesters.

BI 341 Plant Anatomy 4 Cr.

The anatomy of vascular plants analyzed from an evolutionary viewpoint. Cell structure, tissues, their distribution in roots, stems, leaves and reproductive organs, and plant development are stressed. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: BI 102 or permission of instructor. Offered odd-numbered spring semesters.

BI 351 Dendrology and Silvics 4 Cr.

An introduction to major woody plant species in the Northeast, including taxonomic characteristics, life histories, habitat requirements, and economic importance. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory and/or field work 3 hours. Prerequisite: BI 102 or permission of instructor. Offered odd-numbered fall semesters.

BI 364 Pathophysiology in Sports Medicine 4 Cr.

The study of human pathology with primary emphasis on the pathogenesis of those pathological states most commonly encountered in sports medicine, their disruption of normal physiology and the body's mechanism for restoring the steady state (homeostasis). The biology of the disease process is examined at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ and organ system level. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 215 & BI 216 with "C" or higher, or permission of instructor. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 370 Introduction to Neuroscience 4 Cr.

An interdisciplinary course designed to introduce the structure and function of the mammalian nervous system. Topics include, but are not limited to, neuronal development, sensory and motor systems, chemical control of the brain and behavior, and the underlying mechanisms of neurodegenerative disease. May require dissection of living animals. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 101 and either BI 215 or PY 230. Offered fall semesters.

BI 395 Evolution 4 Cr.

This course is designed to introduce the student to Darwinian and Non-Darwinian mechanisms of evolutionary change, a history of life in the context of contemporary biology, and scientific and cultural controversies surrounding this topic. Classroom: 4 hours. Prerequesits- BI 102 and BI 303.

BI 399 Topics in Biology 4 Cr.

BI 3XL Biology Lab Transfer Elective 4 Cr.

BI 3XX Biology Transfer Elective 3 Cr.

BI 401 Senior Seminar 3 Cr.

This is the capstone course that integrates reading, writing, speaking and critical thinking skills. It includes instruction in scientific writing, use of contemporary scientific biological literature, library research techniques, and requires a major paper considering ethics in science and research. Students will prepare research papers on current topics using primary sources and give oral presentations on their topics to the department faculty. Classroom 3 hours. Prerequisites: senior class standing or permission of the instructor. Offered fall semesters.

BI 415 Neuroanatomy 4 Cr.

The anatomy of the brain and nervous system, with an emphasis on human neuroanatomy. Gross and microscopic anatomy is covered, with in depth treatments of physical and functional organization, and major neural pathways. Classroom 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BI 370.

BI 418 Medical Microbiology 4 Cr.

A study of pathogenic microorganisms including their general characteristics, physiology, pathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, immunity, prevention, and control. Laboratory exercises are designed to familiarize students with diagnostic procedures used in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Classroom 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours. Prerequisite: BI 220 or BI 240. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 420 Diseases of the Nervous System 4 Cr.

An in-depth study of the biological basis of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Topics include, but are not limited to, developmental disorders, impairments of higher function, and the underlying mechanisms of neurodegenerative disease. Drug development and other therapeutic treatment strategies will be discussed using current scientific literature. Classroom 4 hours. Prerequisite: BI 370. Offered spring semesters.

BI 424 Woodland Ecology and Management 4 Cr.

A review of biotic and abiotic factors controlling the forest environment, methods for determining vegetation structure and succession, introduction to major forest associations in the Northeast, and consequences of various harvesting and management techniques. Classroom 3 hours, field studies 3 hours. Prerequisites: BI 351 or BI 316, or permission of instructor. Offered even-numbered spring semesters.

BI 440 Reading and Research 3,4 Cr.

Independent study under the supervision of a department faculty member. Open to junior and senior majors with permission of instructor. BI 440 may be taken no more than twice, for a maximum of 7 credits. Students requesting this course must have a 3.0 GPA in biology courses or departmental approval. An approved topic, a brief outline of the research to be conducted, and a signature from a biology mentor must be submitted to the department chair before the end of the drop-add period of the enrolled semester.

BI 450 Internship in Biology 3,4 Cr.

Internship in Biology.

BI 4XX Evolution 4 Cr.